The World Cup of Theologians is a blog series that coincides with the 2014 World Cup Tournament. Each team in the round of 16 has an entry with the biography of a noteworthy theologian or leader from that same country.
Matthews Ojos is Vice-Chancellor of Bowen University in Iwo, Nigeria and the former Professor of Church History in the Department of Religious Studies at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. His extensive research and writing have explored the growth of Pentecostal and charismatic Christianity, especially in West Africa.
From his article, The Charismatic Movement in Nigeria Today, Ojo begins to describe the similarities and differences between charismatic expressions of Christianity between Western churches and the particular expressions found in Nigeria, writing,
In the Western world the term “charismatic” is generally applied to Christians within Protestant and Roman Catholic churches who testify to the baptism of the Holy Spirit, who experience its accompaniment of speaking in tongues, and who exercise the gifts of the Holy Spirit, principally the gift of healing. Charismatic Christians in Nigeria share these features with their Western counterparts.
While the charismatic movement in the Western world traces its roots to the Pentecostal movement that arose from the 1906 Asuza Street revival in Los Angeles, the Nigerian movement has an indigenous origin. The pioneers and early leaders were Nigerians without any previous contact with American Pentecostalism. Nigerian charismatics share similar doctrinal emphases and practices like baptism of the Holy Spirit, speaking in tongues, and healing. In addition, the mass media, charismatic literature, and the common use of the English language have helped to forge close links between the Western and Nigerian movements. Nevertheless, the Nigerian movement is essentially indigenous, and it has succeeded in adapting the Pentecostal faith to the Nigerian contemporary milieu, thus making it contextually meaningful.
International Bulletin of Missionary Research , Vol. 19, No. 3
Michael Shepherd is the editor of GlobalTheology.org. He is a graduate of Fuller Theological Seminary and Hope International University in southern California, USA, where he lives with his wife and son.